Partial Bibliography and References to the Work of Dr. Clare W. Graves

Chronology of Publications and Articles by Dr. Clare W. Graves 


"An Emergent Theory of Ethical Behavior Based Upon - An Epigenetic Model," Schenectady, New York, 1959


"Salient Points for Understanding Human Behavior per the Existential Psychological Point of View, " early 1960s  


"On the Theory of Ethical Behavior," presented at the First Unitarian Society of Schenectady, New York, 1961


"The Implications to Management of Systems – Ethical Theory," November 11, 1962


"Levels of Human Existence and Their Relation to Value Analysis and Engineering," proceedings of the Fifth Annual Values Analysis Conference, source of presentation unknown - (about 1964-1965)

"Value Systems and their relation to Managerial controls and organizational viability," paper presented before the College of Management Philosophy, The Institute of Management Sciences, Jack Tar Hotel, San Francisco, February 3, 1965

"Personality Structure and Perceptual Readiness" (with B. Huntley and D.W. LaBier) "An Investigation of Their Relationship to Hypothesized Levels of Human Existence," (research carried out by Doug LaBier) at Union College, Schenectady, N. Y. in May, 1965.

"Man: An Enlarged Conception of His Nature," paper presented before the Second Annual Conference on the Cybercultural Revolution at the Hotel Americana in New York City, New York on May 27, 1965.


Favorite case studies: "Blair Bischel" and "Glenn Spicer" Both of these papers are listed as follows: Cases of John B. Miner, The Management of Ineffective Performance, McGraw-Hill 

"Deterioration of Work Standards," Harvard Business Review – September/October – 1966, Vol.44, No. 5, pages 117-126)

"On the Theory of Value," (place and occasion of presentation is unknown) – March, 1967.


"Motivation Wise, Executives Are Reluctant Dragons," keynote address for the Institute on Motivation and Productivity of the Public Personnel Association, The Hudson-Mohawk Training Directors Society, The Industrial Training Council and The Capital District Personnel Association, In-Town Motel, Albany, New York, March 25, 1969.

"A Systems View of Value Problems,"  IEEE Systems Science & Cybernetics Conference, Philadelphia, PA, October, 1969. (revised in later work)


"Levels of Existence: An Open System Theory of Values," The Journal of Humanistic Psychology, Fall 1970, Vol. 10. No. 2, pp. 131-154. (Reprint available in Clare W. Graves: Levels of Human Existence.)

"The Levels of Existence and their Relation to Welfare Problems," paper presented at the Annual Conference Meeting, Virginia State Department of Welfare and Distribution, Roanoke, Virginia, May 6, 1970. ( 30 pages)

"Personal Dimensions of Student Disaffection," paper read at the 175th anniversary celebration of the founding of Union College on May 7, 1970

"The Congruent Management Strategy," with Helen T. Madden & Lynn P. Madden 


Untitled Presentation by Dr. Clare W. Graves, Annual Meeting of The Association of Humanistic Psychology, 1971 

"Levels of Existence Related To Learning Systems," paper read at the Ninth Annual Conference of the National Society for Programming Instruction, Rochester, New York, March 31, 1971

"Seminar on Levels of Human Existence" at the Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C., October 16, 1971, a transcription of the audio tape made by William Lee. (Available in paperback with illustrations as Clare W. Graves: Levels of Human Existence; includes a reprint of the 1970  J. of Hum. Psy. article.)

"How Should Whom Lead Who to Do What?" paper delivered for the YMCA Management Forum of 1971-1972,  Downtown Branch YMCA, St. Louis, Missouri, November 9, 1971


"Let Us Bring Humanistic and General Psychology Together: A Research Project Needing to Become," paper presented at National Institutes of Mental Health in Washington, D. C. on March 16, 1973

Seminar Notes, Quetico Centre, Canada, October, 1973


"Human Nature Prepares for a Momentous Leap," The Futurist magazine, April 1974, pp. 72-87
View a table summarizing Dr. Graves' Theory from the article

Seminar at Quetico Centre, Canada, June, 1974

Seminar at Quetico Centre, Canada, August, 1974

Video Tape Interview with Cliff McIntosh, Quetico Centre


"What is Life All About? What is it Meant to Be?" (tentative title) previously unpublished book manuscript to be released summer, 2001


"Up the Existential Staircase," seminar on the Development, Nature, Meaning and Management of The Levels of Existence, Emergent, Cyclical, Double Helix Model of Adult Human Psychosocial Coping Systems [1978 / same paper with graphs added 1980]


Seminar in Dallas, December, 1980


"Summary Statement: The Emergent, Cyclical, Double-Helix Model Of The Adult Human Biopsychosocial Systems," handout for presentation to World Future Society,  Boston, Mass., May 20, 1981 (compiled for Dr. Graves by Chris Cowan)


Seminar Notes and Handout prepared for NVC-sponsored programs (compiled for Dr. Graves by Chris Cowan)


Dr. Graves' Union College Biography and Obituary from the Concordy, 1/16/86

Conceptions of the Mature Adult Personality from the research as frequently read aloud in seminars by Dr. Graves
Papers by William R. Lee on Dr. Graves' Work 
     Dr. Graves' Research Compared with Other Theories  
     Comparison with the Work of O. J. Harvey
Dr. Graves' nomenclature as related to Spiral Dynamics terminology with transitions
Index of some academic studies exploring and applying Dr. Graves' point of view
References to the work of Dr. Graves and other models derived from the Gravesian point of view

Armour, Michael C. and Don Browning, Systems-Sensitive Leadership: Empowering Diversity Without Polarizing the Church, College Press, Joplin, 1995. Second edition, 2001

Bayer, Tom, "Management Pegged" and "Good Crisis Needed," Dallas Morning News, May 14, 1978 (reprinted here with permission)

Beck, Arthur C. and Staff of Institute for Business and Community Development, University of Richmond, "Clare W. Graves Theory of Levels of Human Existence and Suggested Managerial Systems for Each Level," 1971, Revised 1976. (reprinted in A Practical Approach to Organization Development Through MBO/ Selected Readings by Arthur C. Beck, Jr. and Ellis D. Hillmar, 1972, Addison-Wesley, pp. 168-181.)

Beck, Don, _____, ASTD Journal, 1982
_____ papers on the SD website
_____ papers on the World of Ken Wilber website
_____ "Sports Values" columns, The Dallas Morning News, 1997-1998 (also unpublished commentaries on the SD

Beck, Don and Graham Linscott, The Crucible: Forging South Africa's Future, New Paradigm Press (the authors), Johannesburg, 1992

Beck, Don and Christopher Cowan, Spiral Dynamics: Mastering Values, Leadership, and Change , Blackwell, Oxford, 1996

Beck, Don and Christopher Cowan, assorted papers and assessment instruments released through the National Values Center, Inc.

Cowan, Christopher, unpublished training manuals and papers, some of which appear on the website, 1978-2001
_____ "A Psychological Map of the Fire Service," Fire Chief, 1982

Cowan, Christopher and Natasha Todorovic, "Spiral Dynamics: The Layers of Human Values in Strategy," Strategy & Leadership (Jan/Feb, 2000, Vol 28, No. 1)   Reprints are available from NVC Consulting and MCB Univ. Press

Flowers, Vincent S. and B. A. Coda, "A Human Resource Planning Model," Personnel, January - February, 1974.

Flowers Vincent S. and Charles L. Hughes , "Shaping Personnel Strategies to Disparate Value Systems," Personnel, March-April, 1973.
_____ "Why Employees Stay," Harvard Business Review, July - August, 1973.
_____ "New Goals in Personnel," Management by Objectives, Surrey, England, Vol. 3. No. 4, 1972. (Reprinted in Indian
, Summer, 1975).
_____ "Toward Existentialism in Management," The Conference Board Record, September, 1975.
_____ "Values for Marriage," Dallas, Texas, 1975.
_____ "Ego: Stumbling Block to Sales Success," Marketing Times, Sales and Marketing Executives International, January -
            February, 1976.
_____  "Choosing A Leadership Style," Personnel, A.M.A., January - February, 1978.

Flowers, Vincent S., "Values for Working," 30 min. videotape program, Dallas County Community College District, 1975.
_____ "Who Do You Think You're Talking To? A Values Approach to Performance Reviews," Supervisory Management,
            AMACOM, March, 1977.

Flowers, Vincent S., Debra L. Heflich, and Charles L. Hughes, Value Systems Analysis: An Introduction, Value Systems Applications, Pottsboro, Texas, 1991.

Flowers, Vincent S. and M. Scott Myers, "Dollarizing Attitudes," Atlantic Economic Review, May - June, 1974. (Reprinted in ASCI Journal of Management, Bella Vista Hydersbad, India, 1974).
_____ " A Framework for Developing Human Assets," California Management Review, Summer, 1974.

Flowers, Hughes, Myers and Myers, Managerial Values for Working, A Nationwide A.M.A. Survey Report, January, 1975.

Heflich, Debra L., "Matching People and Jobs: Value Systems and Employee Selection," Personnel Administrator, March, 1981.
_____ "Those Who Lead, Follow: Employee Value Systems," Administrative Radiology, November, 1985.
_____ "Value Systems and Employee Selection," EMA Journal, Fall 1990.

Heflich, Debra L., Vincent S. Flowers and Charles L. Hughes, Value Systems Analysis: Management Applications, Value System Applications, Pottsboro, Texas, 1991. [That's Life, Inc., That's Life is a three dimensional model of how life works, which includes the Gravesian theory as one of the three dimensions and expands Graves' work to include the levels of existence that are yet to come.

Hughes, C. L. and Anderson, R. M., "Beyond Manipulative Dentistry," JASPD, March-April, 1974.

James, Tad, and Wyatt Woodsmall, Timeline Therapy and the Basis of Personality

LaBier, Douglas, "Developments in the Application of The Graves Theory to Behavior Change and Psychotherapy," National Institute of Mental Health, presented at the 9th annual convention of the National Society for Programmed Instruction, Rochester, New York, March 31, 1971

Lee, William R., transcriptions of Dr. Graves' presentations and papers on Gravesian theory (see Bill Lee section, above) 

Lee, William, _____, doctoral dissertation,

Lynch, Dudley, "Making Employees' Perceptions Work," American Way (American Airlines' Inflight Magazine), November, 1980, p. 96-99
_____ "Avoiding Collision: A New Way of Viewing People," Western's World, September, 1980, p. 70-74
_____ Your High Performance Business Brain: An Operator's Manual, Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, 1984

Lynch, Dudley and Paul Kordis, Strategy of the Dolphin: Scoring a Win in a Chaotic World, William Morrow and Co. Inc., New York, 1990 (Also by Fawcett Columbine Books, Ballantine Books, 1988

Kinds, Egbert, The Heart Hunter: A Guide for Value Driven Leadership, Scriptum, Holland, 2000
Available in Dutch through De Boer & Ritsema van Eck, Netherlands

Morningstar, Jim, Spiritual Psychology: A course for renewal in body, mind and spirit, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Transformations Incorporated, rev. 3rd ed., 1988
_____ "Spiral Dynamics and Breathwork," paper delivered in Spain to be published in conference proceedings summer,
_____ Therapy According to Levels of Consciousness, (unpublished paper), 1973

_____ Family Awakening in Body, Mind, and Spirit, 1984
_____ Spiritual Psychology: A Course for Renewal in Body, Mind, and Spirit, 1998

"Multiple Communication Channels for Better Motivation," What's Ahead in Personnel, Newsletter, Industrial Relations News, Chicago, No. 148, June, 1975.

Myers, M. Scott and Susan S. Myers, "Adapting to the New Work Ethic," The Business Quarterly, Canada, Winter, 1973.
_____ "Toward Understanding the Changing Work Ethic," California Management Review, Spring, 1974.
_____ Newsday, " 1-2-3-4-5-6-7," Saturday, March 11, 1967

Payne, J. S., Miller, A. K., and Hazlett, R. L., "Approaching employers: Applying Graves’ Theory," Journal of Rehabilitation, March, 1981.

Payne, James S., Dale C. Critz, Jr., Dale C. Critz, Edward D. Edwards, Differential Selling, 1994

Payne, James S., Christopher Cowan, David W. Cox, V. Randolph Jordan, Differential Management & Motivation, 1994  (Dr. Jim Payne also offers assessment materials at Management and Motivation, Inc.) 

Rohan, Thomas M., "Should a Worker's Personality Affect Your Managing," Industry Week, May 5,-1975, pp.28-38.

Rosado, Caleb, "What Is Spirituality? Memetics, Quantum Mechanics, and the Spiral of Spirituality.". Proceedings from the 26th International Faith and Learning Symposium, on Science and Religion. Geoscience Research Institute,c Loma Linda, California, U.S.A. July 16-28, 2000.   Available at
_____ "Memetics and the Multiple Futures of Racism: Beyond the Myth of Race Toward a New Paradigm for Resolution for
             the Third Millennium." Futures Research Quarterly, Spring 1999, Vol. 15:1; pp. 29-62.
_____ "When We Disagree: A Spiral Dynamics approach to dealing with differences." Adventist Review, April 27, 2000,
             pp. 8-12.
_____ "Memetics and Spiral Leadership: the New Direction for Management in the 21st Century."
_____  "What's Wrong with Diversity Training? The Need for a New Model."
  _____ "Memetics and Education."  
_____ "The Multiple Futures of Racism." 

_____ "Definitions for Training in Diversity."
_____ "Is There Such a Thing as 'Race'? A Dialogue." 
_____ "Looking Below the Surface: Church Leadership for the 21st Century." 
_____ "New Times Demand New Minds: Spiral Leadership and the New Direction for Adventism in the 21st Century."
_____ "The Sabbath and Spirituality: Does the Information Have a 'Rest Area'?" 
_____ "The Demise of Ethnic Differences: Cultural Identity and the Internet"
_____ "Beyond Color, Culture, and Other Superficial Differences: Toward a New Theoretical Approach for a Successful
            Multicultural Education Program for the 21st Century." 
_____ "Looking Below the Surface: Church Leadership for the 21st Century." 

Steed, Nicholas, "The Theory that Explains Everything," Maclean's Magazine, October 1967  (Authorized reprints are available)

Todorovic, Natasha, "Kosovo: The Wrong War," web paper at

Wade, Jenny, Changes of Mind: A Holonomic Theory of the Evolution of Consciousness, SUNY, 1996

Wilber, Ken, Introductions to the Collected Works, Volume7 & Volume 8, Shambhala, 1999, 2000
_____  Integral Psychology : Conciousness, Spirit, Psychology, Therapy, Shambhala, 2000
_____  A Theory of Everything, Shambhala, 2000

Woodsmall, Wyatt and Marilyne Woodsmall, People Pattern Power, Advanced Behavioral Modeling, 1998

Readers are invited to submit additional references and links to applications citing and applying Dr. Graves theory to:

This page was prepared by Chris Cowan, Bill Lee, and Natasha Todorovic for the Clare W. Graves website. 
The bibliography is not copyrighted and may be freely duplicated and distributed. Users are requested to cite the source.

Copyright 2001 NVC Consulting