the Historical Collection of the work of Dr. Clare W. Graves
papers, recorded transcripts, notes -
William R. Lee
The Implications to Management
Systems- Ethical Theory
- Clare W. Graves -
November 11, 1962
I am aware that some of you may have read an early version of
the theory upon which my remarks will be based. That early version
was not cast in the more precise form which I shall follow
tonight, therefore let me outline for you how we shall proceed.
First, the theoretical model for research into ethical behavior
will be presented. Then, I will speculate as to the nature of
ethical behavior with the speculations based on the model. And,
finally I will speak of the implications of this theory to the
managerial profession. But, before I proceed to the body of the
paper let me explain a little of the background of this work.
I do not know, at this time, to what degree there is substance
in the theory.
What I do know is this:
- I know that one can read all that has been written about
ethical behavior and end up unable to understand it.
- I know that if reasonably sound scientific knowledge of
ethical behavior is to be sought, no existing research model
is producing this knowledge.
- I know that unless we gain more insight into ethical
behavior, we wonít have to worry about manís ethics,
because we wonít have any men left to worry about.
- I know that this state of affairs came to haunt me when I
set out a few years ago to learn what I could of ethical
- I know that the following are my assumptions,
generalizations, and hypotheses to date. I am not sure what my
assumptions, generalizations and hypotheses will be tomorrow.
But where I stand today is this.
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